Swiss National Day
The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291, Uri, Schwyz and Unterwald are the three first cantons formed the nucleus of Switzerland and singed a pact to assist and help each other. Since then and by time other cantons singed and joined this pact to form the actual Swiss confederation. Each year 1st of August is celebrated by the 26 cantons that joined and signed this pact with their own flag. The 26 cantons forming Switzerland with BERN as capital are:
Zurich, Bern, Lucern, Schwyz, Obwald, Niderwald, Glaris, Zoug, Fribourg, Soleure, Basel, Schafhausen, Appenzell, Saint Gall, Grison, Argovie, Turgovie, Tessin, Vaud, Valais, Neuchatel, Genève, and Jura.
About the Swiss National Day celebration
1st of August is celebrated not only in the city of Grutli close to Lucerne lake in the canton of URI but so does in every and each other canton. Everywhere a large firework organised attracting crowd of spectators from Switzerland, France, and other countries in Europe.
Each canton in Switzerland is independent and has its constitution, parliament, and government. Swiss cantons benefit of a lot autonomy to organise their health, police, and education systems. In fact, and if not explicitly attributed to the Federal government it is under the competency of the local government to get organised.
The Swiss Federal Parliament
The Swiss Federal Parliament has 246 members, elected by the people and the Swiss Federal Council is made up of 7 presidents elected by this Parliament and act a Swiss president each one of them for one year.
The Swiss Confederation
The Swiss confederation is built with a democratic vision, the system is giving the swiss citizens a lot of rights. Each Swiss citizens can participate actively in all political decisions, At the age of 18 years a Swiss citizen have the right to vote and express their opinion political opinions, in addition to the federal and cantonal votes organised by the government the Swiss democracy allow it’s citizens to express their opinions by organising a popular initiative and optional referendum.
If you live in the Swiss confederation you will realise that freedom and democracy is a right but also a responsibility that you should take very seriously.